Bitumen is the heavy unconventional oil found in the Alberta tar sands also called oil sands . Only a specialized refinery can process bitumen and turn it into refined products such as fuels. Few refineries in Canada can do it. None of the refineries in eastern Canada can refine large quantities of bitumen.
crude bitumen under reservoir conditions and evolves as a result of pressure and temperature changes. z.2 “tailings” means a by-product of the bitumen extraction process including water and sands fines or residual bitumen or other hydrocarbons or any combination of those things. aa bb repealed AR 226/2000 s2.
2 Site Characterization Equipment Selection and Source Alberta’s oil sand deposits are the biggest oil sand reserve in the world and represent a major source of oil. Canada’s crude bitumen exists entirely within the province of Alberta and is found in sand and carbonate sedimentary formations in three regions:
In the 1920s chemist Dr. Karl Clark of the Alberta Research Council developed the hot-water process a method of extracting bitumen from oil sand. Clark’s method is still used today. Oil sand as mined commercially contains an average of 10-12 per cent bitumen 83-85 per cent mineral matter and 4-6 per cent water.
BITUMEN FROTH QUALITY EXPLAINED. Froth quality is a very important performance metric for any oil sands Extraction plant. There are 3 components found in bitumen froth: 1 bitumen 2 fine solids and 3 water. 1. Bitumen Grade: Froth quality is measured by the bitumen grade or content of the froth. A froth containing 55-60% bitumen is ...
The majority of the country’s deposits are lo ed in northern Alberta. It is proven that they hold at least 1.75 trillion barrels of bitumen. The recoverable amount of this oil which with current technology is about 173 billion barrels is estimated to amount to nearly 75% of the total North American petroleum reserves .
Our frac plant is 37 km north of Fort Saskatchewan AB and utilizes state-of-the-art equipment to produce very clean and precisely sized frac sand. The frac plant has a 275000 tonne annual capacity of high-quality sub-rounded frac sand and is capable of producing all size ranges from 12-20 to 100 mesh for use in oil and natural gas wells in ...
Alberta Innovates will award $2 million in funding to several different research projects which focus on turning bitumen into products other than gas diesel and other fuels. 1:55
Bitumount is an abandoned industrial site on the east bank of the Athabasca River about 90 kilometres 60 mi north of Fort McMurray in northeastern Alberta Canada.Between 1925 and the 1950s it was the site of early attempts to extract bitumen from the Athabasca oil sands that contributed to the development of commercially viable extraction processes.
Sand water fine clays and minerals or tailings are separated from the bitumen and diluent and sent to tailings ponds where the sand settles. The diluted bitumen can be piped to an upgrader on site if one has been built in conjunction with the mine. Currently 5 Alberta upgraders process about 54% of Alberta& 39;s crude bitumen production.
equipment of bitumen eand traction from sand alberta; ... Cyclonaire is a recognized leader in railroad sanding equipment and systems—and we are trusted by many of ...
In situ methods are used to recover bitumen that lies too deep beneath the surface for mining about 80% of the oil sands in Alberta . The success of in situ methods depends on the resolution of two major issues: 1 reducing the viscosity of bitumen so that it will flow and 2 recovering the bitumen from deep within the earth OSDC 2008c .
Bitumen is stored in heated tanks on site between 150 C 302 F and 180 C 356 F which enables the viscous liquid to be pumped through insulated pipes to the mixing plant. The mineral aggregates – stone sand and gravel – are stored in stockpiles at ambient temperature.
crude bitumen de-asphalted bitumen or synthetic crude oil or iii a stand-alone gas fractionating plant for obtaining methane ethane propane butane or other similar light hydrocarbons from oil sands products; r.01 “Regulator” means the Alberta Energy Regulator; r.02 “rules” means rules made pursuant to this Act unless the
An oil sand sample was obtained from Alberta Canada . Solvent extraction was performed based on a previously established protocol for bitumen from oil sand 11 . Briefly a solvent/oil sand ...